ROTATING YOUR FORCES | Military Tactics
Rotate: To turn around a center point of axis; in a regular and recurring sucession [ 12] Cycle: a complete set of events recurring in the same sequence [ 12½] Rotating your Forces
Rotating fresh troops into any prolonged battle offers a couple of distinct advantages, namely improved morale and the ability to keep pressure on your enemies.
A battle between skilled commanders can resemble a highly choreographed "dance", as one retreats another advances.
• The Battle for Morale
The battle for morale is waged on both sides of any given conflict. When soldiers are in dangerous or unpleasant situations, they tend to become discouraged and frightened. If they are kept in these situations for too long without a rest, they might very well run from the enemy at their next encounter.
[ 12¼] [ 13¾]
• Keeping Pressure on the Enemy
You can only demand so much from one group of soldiers, before their morale will begin to suffer. Rotating fresh troops into battle also offers the advantage of keeping the enemy constantly engaged. Unless the opposing commander makes an adjustment, this will have negative effects on enemy morale.
This can also be referred to as
. Military Swarming involves the use of a decentralized force against an opponent, in a manner that emphasizes mobility, communication, unit autonomy and coordination/synchronization.
Uses in History HOW THIS TACTIC HAS BEEN USED • 1916 - WWI - The Battle of Verdun
The battle of Verdun was the longest and bloodiest of WW1, with nearly a million dead or wounded between the French and Germans alone. Battlefield conditions were obvoiusly harsh, and both sides had issues with low morale. The French commander Pétain began a system of rotating his troops to Verdun, from other locations along the western front; giving him a relatively well rested defensive force. For awhile Germany countered with a similar tactic, but later had to commit those reinforcements to fight Russian forces on the eastern front. The French were able to hold, and by August 1917 were able to recapture all the territory Germany had occupied since early 1916.
[ 13] [ 13½]
In a interesting side note, Pétain was considered a hero following WWI, but got a little too
chummy with Hitler
, and was sentenced to death after WWII (later commuted to life).
Counter Tactics HOW TO COUNTER THIS TACTIC •
Retreating If you do not have the resources and/or organization to counter a "
Swarming" attack, retreat and delay battle to a more favourable time and/or location. •
Swarming attacks rely on splitting available forces into smaller groups, and then keeping up a constant attack. Attempt to isolate a small group of enemy forces and flank them!! •
Breakthru & Blitzkrieg
Swarming is a finesse tactic and requires good micromanagement skills and supply lines. The best counter is to straight-out overpower them with a Breakthru or Blitzkrieg. Why does come to mind? this scene
In Axis and Allies RTS USING THIS TACTIC IN THE FIELD
• Winning the Battle of Morale Every regiment has a morale rating, displayed onscreen as the blue bar below the company banner. Select a regiment and look at the blue morale bar under its banner in the information panel. The vertical line in the morale bar indicates the regiment's breaking point. When the morale of a regiment drops below its breaking point, the regiment will rout. When a regiment routs, it assumes column formation and moves away from its enemies. You have no control over it until it has stopped on its own and the regiment is as likely to run deeper into trouble as it is toward safety.
There are some things that will cause this morale to decrease. Simply being in combat causes a slow drain, and having a unit within the regiment killed can cause a significant drop in morale. There are also some factors that will cause a regimentís morale to increase, such as time away from combat or killing an enemy. There are a great many more things that can cause a regimentís morale to rise and drop during a battle, and those factors are different for every type or regiment.
• Keeping Constant Pressure on the Enemy Not only does keeping pressure on the enemy deny them time to observe, recover, and plan; it also can help to win the battle of morale (
see above). The ultimate goal of this tactic is to attack, and never stop attacking; cycling in new forces as soon as a portion of your forces retreat. Even if your opponent is winning the battle, if you keep them continuously engaged, their morale will eventually break and they will rout.
"Thus, though we have heard of stupid haste in war, cleverness has never been seen associated with long delays."
Sun Tzu, the Art of War: Waging War
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REFERENCES | Military Tactics
"All men can see these tactics whereby I conquer, but what none can see is the strategy out of which victory is evolved."
Sun Tzu, the Art of War
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